A very good and pleasant day to you all, my lovely BLEADERS (a strange word, isn’t it? Got it from one of my favourite novels, JULIE & JULIA by Julie Powell, a very hilarious book indeed! You should get yourself a copy. I guess the word is supposed to mean BLOG-READERS).
I hope you’ve all been doing great. It’s been quite some time, I know and I’m sorry I don’t post as frequently as I should. Thank you for your continuous encouragement though.
Today we’ll continue our discussion about the world of science. I know this can be a little boring for those of us who don’t like stuffs related to lectures so let’s make it more interesting (promise to do my best 😉). So today we would be going to the topic next for discussion in this series (Humph! Series? Guess I watch too many seasonals. 😂 )
– How Are Scientific Ideas Expressed?
First of all, let’s find out what a scientific idea is. A scientific idea in my opinion is simply one that satisfies two criteria which are: A. an idea that has or can be reproducibly substantiated (the “big” word substantiated simply means to have proved the truth of a claim, in this case, the idea in question) and B. an idea that can be used to predict new phenomena (phenomena are things that exist in science or nature that are studied because they are often difficult to understand).
So we’ve crossed that bridge, we move to the next bridge, how are these scientific ideas expressed? Scientific ideas take many forms which are expressed in terms that, not surprisingly, differ in their meaning when used by “nonscientists” (I put this in quotes because in my opinion, every human is a potential scientist, because we apply science in one way or the other in our lives be it knowingly or unknowingly).
Some of these terms used to express scientific ideas include:
Hypothesis: This is an idea or an assumption that provides a reasonable and testable explanation for one or more observations, but it may lack extensive experimental substantiation (Substantiation is a word derived from Substantiated which has been explained earlier, guess you already knew that. 😂).
Scientific Theory: This is much more than a hunch? (A hunch means something especially a feeling that is quite definite, more than just a feeling). It (the scientific theory) is an idea that has been substantiated to some extent and provides an explanation for a body or group of experimental observations. A theory can be tested and built upon and so is a basis for further advancement and innovation. When a scientific theory has been tested repeatedly and validated on many fronts, if is accepted as a Fact.
Other advanced terms for expressing scientific ideas exist but we would focus only on these for now.
So that’s it on ‘How are scientific ideas expressed?’. I hope you have gained a knowledge or two.
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Up next: Who is a scientist?
Reference: Lehniger Principles of Biochemistry, 6th edition by David L. Nelson and Michael M. Cox